What is the UN International Day of Peace?
The International Day of Peace (“Peace Day”) was established in 1981 by a unanimous United Nations resolution to be observed around the world each year on September 21st.
It is frequently referred to as Peace Day and is a globally shared date for all humanity to commit to Peace above our differences and to inspire us to contribute building a Culture of Peace.
This year the Peace Day is the 20th Anniversary of the UN Resolution on the program of Action on a Culture of Peace. A/RES/53/243 B
The Program of Action on a Culture of Peace has sixteen major areas of concern. The following Actions are recommended to develop a culture of peace:
- To foster a culture of peace through education
- Let’s ensure that children from an early age, benefit from education on the values, attitudes, and behavior that enable them to resolve any dispute peacefully
- To promote sustainable economic and social development
- Ensure that the development process is participatory
- To promote respect for all human rights
- Disseminate and promote the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- To ensure equality between women and men
- Promote equality between women and men in economic, social, and political decision-making.
- To foster democratic participation
- Establish and strengthen national institutions and processes that promote and sustain democracy through, inter alia, training and capacity-building of public officials
- To advance understanding, tolerance, and solidarity
- Study the local or indigenous practices and traditions of dispute settlement and promote tolerance with objective of learning from them
- To support participatory communication and the free flow of information and knowledge
- Support the important role of media in the promotion of a culture of peace
- To promote international peace and security
- Take measures to eliminate illicit production and traffic of small arms and light weapons
Each Peace Day has a different theme:
- 2018 – The Right to Peace – The Universal Declaration of Human Rights at 70
- 2017 – Together for Peace: Respect, Safety and Dignity for All
- 2016 – The Sustainable Development Goals: Building Blocks for Peace
- 2015 – Partnerships for Peace – Dignity for All
- 2014 – The Right of Peoples to Peace
- 2013 – Education for Peace
- 2012 – Sustainable Peace for a Sustainable Future
- 2011 – Peace and Democracy: Make your voice heard!
- 2010 – Youth for Peace and Development
- 2009 – Disarmament and non-proliferation
- 2008 – Human Rights and Peacekeeping
- 2007 – Peace is the United Nations’ highest calling
This year however, we are particularly focused on an equitable and sustainable world. Part of our task is to make peace with nature. Despite our limitations of travel, climate change is not on pause. We need a green and sustainable global economy that produces jobs, reduces emissions, and builds resilience to climate impacts.
The first International Day of Peace was established in 1981 by the United Nations General Assembly. Two decades later, in 2001, the General Assembly voted to designate the Day as a period of non-violence and cease-fire in the world.
Dominicans in the U.S. began to really focus on the International Day of Peace as we became more conscious of what was happening to our “family” in Iraq. September 21st became a day for us to intentionally foster and work for peace. Let us renew our commitment to Peace as we leave Afghanistan after twenty years and let us all create Peace Day every day!
Here is a lovely short two minute video on How peace starts from the International Day of Peace 2018.